Zygmunt Saloni, Marcin Woliński, Robert Wołosz, Włodzimierz Gruszczyński, Danuta Skowrońska
Grammatical Dictionary of Polish — online version
About the Dictionary
The publication of the Grammatical Dictionary of Polish on the Internet was possible thanks to the project "Grammatical Dictionary of Polish — online version", funded by the National Science Centre (Narodowe Centrum Nauki) in the years 2011-2015 (project number 2011/01/B/HS2/04695).
Grammatical Dictionary of Polish is the most complex and most refined, conceptually and editorially, inflectional dictionary of contemporary Polish. The dictionary provides a comprehensive grammatical description of more than 333 000 Polish words (lexemes), among which both lexemes present in Polish dictionaries and texts and potential lexemes are to be found. Therefore SGJP covers fundamental part of vocabulary of contemporary Polish, including the most common proper names that occur in Polish texts.
SGJP is a source of information on Polish language useful for linguists, philologists, editors, translators, students as well as other aware users of Polish who seek grammatical information. The dictionary is really useful in the process of learning Polish as a foreign language. The Dictionary distinctly enriches one's knowledge about the Polish language. It provides inflectional forms of words and, moreover it presents information on many other grammatical features (especially syntactical ones) of lexemes, among others gender for nouns, case government for prepositions and nouns, or aspect for verbs. In principle it does not contain meanings of lexemes.
In order to publish the Dictionary on the Internet, we needed to adapt the tools to the needs of the online application. This was done by the use of Kuznia. It is a tool made by the Institute of Computer Science of the Polish Academy of Sciences, which was modified and enriched for the purpose of the SGJP Online project (among other things, the editorial mechanism was considerably extended, and user interface built from scratch).
A number of changes, additions and corrections was introduced to the Dictionary, both individual and systemic. Among other things, there was added information about the category of depreciativity for over 16 000 nouns of masculine personal gender (marked forms as well as rare or potential non-depreciative forms are indicated); a new systematization of inflectional patterns, based on Jan Tokarski's scheme included in Doroszewski's Dictionary of Polish, was introduced. Moreover, the functionality of searching through the Dictionary's resources was greatly extended. A SGJP Online user can filter lexemes according to the types of inflection (inflectional patterns), as well as to various attributes (values of grammatical categories, qualifiers, etc.), and effectively reduce the list of entries appearing on screen to match the desired criteria. (For example, the user can view only nouns with multiple genders, or marked as obsolete, or only proper names, etc.)
We systematically work on improving the dictionary and are interested in contact with SGJP users. We will appreciate all kind of comments and suggestions on defects, mistakes, etc. They can be sent to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Contributors to SGJP
The works on the first edition (carried out within the confines of the project Słownik gramatyczny języka polskiego sponsored by State Committee for Scientific Research (Komitet Badań Naukowych) – registration number 2 H01D 007 24) were, apart from by the authors (Zygmunt Saloni, Włodzimierz Gruszczyński, Marcin Woliński, Robert Wołosz), performed by:
- Monika Czerepowicka,
- Dorota Kopcińska,
- Małgorzata Sas
- and Anna Śledź
as well as by volunteers:
- Lena Bielewicz (later — Dymek),
- Patrycja Dąbrowska,
- Anna Kalińczak,
- Przemysław Lipski,
- Danuta Makowska (later — Skowrońska),
- Teofil Mroczek,
- Monika Nowotka,
- Edyta Polakowska,
- Laura Polkowska,
- and Joanna Szumigłowska.
The works on the second edition (partly sponsored by the Faculty of Applied Linguistics of the University of Warsaw) were performed by the authors (Zygmunt Saloni, Marcin Woliński, Robert Wołosz, Włodzimierz Gruszczyński, Danuta Skowrońska) as well as by Witold Kieraś (who had been an avid user of the Dictionary before) and Małgorzata Urgalska (who developed the English version). The typesetting of the printed instruction was performed by Grzegorz Murzynowski, who also undertook the publishing of the dictionary.
The works on the project Grammatical dictionary of Polish — online version (no. 2011/01/B/HS2/04695), funded by the National Science Centre (Narodowe Centrum Nauki) under the programme OPUS 1, were performed by the authors (Zygmunt Saloni, Marcin Woliński, Robert Wołosz, Włodzimierz Gruszczyński, Danuta Skowrońska), as well as by:
- Witold Kieraś
- Jan Szejko
- Zbigniew Bronk.
We are very grateful to contributors who were willing to comment on the dictionary throughout various phases of the works on it, in particular to:
- Anna Andrzejczuk,
- Mirosław Bańko,
- Janusz S. Bień,
- Andrzej Bogusławski,
- Renata Bronikowska,
- Zbigniew Bronk,
- Andrzej Dehnel,
- Maciej Grochowski,
- Grzegorz Jagodziński,
- Witold Kieraś,
- Iwona Łuczków,
- Henri Menantaud,
- Marcin Miłkowski,
- Alisa Müller
- Grzegorz Murzynowski,
- Zsuzsa Nun,
- Tadeusz Piotrowski,
- Danuta Piper,
- Adam Przepiórkowski,
- Sebastian Przybyszewski,
- Alexandr Rosen,
- Agata Savary,
- Łukasz Szałkiewicz,
- Jan Szejko,
- Maria Szupryczyńska,
- Michał Świąder,
- Marek Świdziński,
- Dag Wiberg,
- Aleksandra Wieczorek,
- Marek Wiśniewski,
- Piotr Wojdak,
- Piotr Żmigrodzki.
The first edition of the Grammatical dictionary of Polish (SGJP) was undertaken as a part of the project sponsored by the State Committee for Scientific Research (Komitet Badań Naukowych) — registration number 2H01D00724) located in the University of Warmia and Mazury. It was published in 2007 by the "Wiedza Powszechna" publishing house. It was developed by four authors: Zygmunt Saloni, Włodzimierz Gruszczyński, Marcin Woliński and Robert Wołosz, in a form of a computer programme in a CD-ROM. Attached to it there was a printed brochure, which included merely a lengthy theoretical introduction and the programme's user guide (which was also included in the CD-ROM).
The immense amount of the material included and the necessity to publish the Dictionary at a precise moment in time caused the different elements of the Dictionary (groups of entries, grammatical characteristics) to be carried out to varying degrees of precision. The unevenness was also caused by the way the work was undertaken technically — as it was divided into several authors, each having different preferences and habits.
Over the years the Dictionary was modified, amended and its scope broadened. Thus when the first edition of the Dictionary was bought out, the authors decided to publish a new edition. The second edition of SGJP was published in 2012 and was partially sponsored by the Faculty of Applied Linguistics of the University of Warsaw. Danuta Skowrońska became one of the authors. The second edition of the SGJP had the same format as the first: a computer programme on a CD and a brochure with an introduction.
In the years 2012-2015, the National Science Centre (Narodowe Centrum Nauki) sponsored the realization of the project "Grammatical dictionary of Polish — online version" (project number 2011/01/B/HS2/04695) under the OPUS 1 competition. The purpose of the project was to publish the changed and improved version of the SGJP on the Internet.
Second edition: Warszawa, 2012, CD + 182 s., ISBN 978-83-927277-2-9.
Distributed by wyczerpane.pl
First edition: Wiedza Powszechna, Warszawa, 2007, CD + 177 s., ISBN 978-83-214-1375-4.
SGJP in numbers
|First edition||Second edition||Third edition (Online)|
|altogether||244 669||1 095||256 575||1 127||334 845||1 116|
|lexemes||244 588||1 095||256 485||1 127||334 733||1 116|
|with nominal inflection||135 529||762||139 849||782||172 178||767|
|verbal nouns||29 590||2||29 881||2||29 526||2|
|adjectival names denoting features and traits ending in -ość||28 980||1||31 196||1||62 445||1|
|residual nouns||76 953||78 766||80 201|
|proper names||8 782||10 786||10 710|
|common nouns||68 171||69 094||69 491|
|with adjectival paradigm||65 671||71||70 746||76||103 761||77|
|participles||34 301||36 568||36 304|
|active||13 931||1||14 073||1||13 877||1|
|passive||20 370||22 495||22 427||4
|adjectives||31 370||71||33 119||76||67 457||77|
|positives||30 420||70||32 060||75||66 392||77|
|adjectival adverbs||11 146||1||12 722||1||26 755||1|
|comparatives||1 106||1||1 244||1||1 243||1|
|positives||10 040||1||11 478||1||25 512||1|
|verbs||29 532||215||29 845||217||29 955||222|
|inflected||29 497||214||29 813||216||29 925||221|
|residuals||2 612||2||1 962||2||1 967||2|
|interjections and alike||458||1||439||1||490||1|